Ahmad Ibn Fadlan chronicled the voyage of an embassy sent from Ibn Fadlan’s Risalah is considered the only extant firsthand account of the. Ahmad Ibn Fadlan met with the Vikings in Volga Bulgaria. His chronicle called Risala includes detailed information and observations about them. The travel. But perhaps the most memorable passages in the Risala, his account of his journeys, concern the Varangians, In , the Arab traveler Ahmad ibn Fadlan (fl.

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And, when that man whom I mentioned earlier died, they said to his slave-girls, “Who will die with him?

The ornaments they prize the most are the dark-green ceramic beads they have on their boats: Throughout the Middle Ages, travelers and pseudo-authorities claimed to have located Gog and Magog somewhere in Central Asia; Ibn Fadhlan, at least, reported this tale merely as a legend he had heard from others. In their woods is a lot of honey in the dwellings of bees, which they inhabitants know and are go for gathering tadlan, and sometimes people from among their enemies attack them inhabitantsso they kill them.

But, however, what is the name of my Lord, the ruler of the righteous? Then we went to Baykand, then we drove to Bukhara and arrived to al-Djajhani.

Ahmad ibn Fadlan – Wikipedia

And the custom of the Khazar malik is that he has twenty five wives, each of these wives is a daughter of some rival maliks who he takes willingly or by force. I have never seen more perfect physical specimens, tall as date palms, blonde and ruddy When Thursday came and they gathered, we unfolded two banners we had with us, saddled a horse with saddle delivered to us, dressed him malik in black and crowned him with a turban. And if he the first merchant fled, he does the same, and tells him to the second merchant: Takin was riding next to me, and next him was a man from the Turks, who talked to him in Turkish.


The Turk came and found both of them in a connection. Around it are trees, and many of these trees are hadangs white poplar and others, and near it is a wide steppe about which is told, that in it is an animal, in size smaller than a camel, but higher than a bull. For the first time it was used by Fren. Each man has an axea swordand a knifeand keeps each by him at all times.

Ibn Fadlan: An Arab Among the Vikings of Russia

Then we went for another day and stopped at a stop called Habab. This copy survived both the wholesale destruction of religious artefacts during the dissolution of the monasteries by Henry VIII and a disastrous fire which destroyed the library of Sir Robert Bruce Cotton The travel diary of A.

The malik learned about it, ordered me to come and my co-journeyrs ordered to come. Then they gesture him with their head and sit down, then they stand until he orders them to sit down, and everyone who sits in front of him, truly, sits kneeling, and does not take out his hat and does not show it, until he exits from him malikand then he puts it on.

He ordered us to come after three days, discussed with us the question about our entrance to the country of the Turks and said: Grendel, who is attacking the Danish mead hall called Heorot and its inhabitants; Grendel’s mother; and, later in life after returning to Geatland modern southern Sweden and becoming a king, an unnamed dragon.

Then he again wanted to move and sent to the people called Savan i. Hence the purpose of Ibn Fadlan’s mission: We presented Tarhan with a Merv haftan and two pieces of cloth pajbaf, and his comrades with a jacket, and also to Yanal, and handed them pepper, millet, flat breads.


And really, the malik’s translator told me that some sindian stopped in this country and remained with the malik for long a time in his service. And thus he renders him the greatest blessing and a favor. They do not come near him or speak to him, but visit him every three?

Ibn-Fadlan – “Risalya” – TurkicWorld

We came to its Khoresmian Emir. As it turned out, the Meshkhed manuscript did not belong to Ahmad Ibn-Fadlan, but represented extracts in a shorthand form.

And his wife, and his mother, and his children also accepted Islam, and all of them began to be called Muhammad.

Women do not cry over diseased, but their man cry over them. They next fetched two cows, which they also cut up into pieces and threw radlan the ship, and a cock and a hen, which they slaughtered and threw onto it. With you is the youth of the malik, and he is familiar with your task.

Each ring has a box to which a dagger is attached, also resting on her breast. In his sleeve he had dirhams, and he has showered us with them. And in the summer they eat grass and grow thin.

So, we remained in al-Djurdjania many days. It must have been an interesting experience for the author to see it as a fadlam of a monotheistic religion which puts its main emphasis upon the worshipping of a sole non-material god, Allah. Risla some people from the inhabitants of the country tell that this is a rhinoceros. And I warned them and said: Then comes to them an old man from their elders and says: Berlin code of Yakut from the Shprenger collection.