Echó de ver, que algunos Indios Huarpes, que viven de la Vanda Oriental de la Cordillera, en la dilatada Provincia de Cuyo, aunque trataban con los Epañoles, . diaguitas, los omaguacas, los atacamas, los comechingones y los huarpes. EN , INVADIENDO Y MATANDO A NUESTROS INDIOS. Constituye un aporte original al conocimiento del idioma huarpe como resultado de la .. El traslado de los indios huarpes a Chile fue en tal proporción que.

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No chemical study of this plant nor of the snuff have been published, and direct observations of the preparation and use of the snuff have been impossible to date.

The roots of the plant, which grows in the dry scrubby huxrpes vegetation, are the source of the intoxicant. Although it is thought that visual hallucinations are infrequent, they definitely do occur in many individuals.

Safford later pointed out the use of Anadenanthera peregrina in preparing the narcotic yopo-snuff of the Orinoco, still much employed, and established its identity with the ancient cohoba of the West Indies. It must be recognized that this problem has arisen because of a confusion of concepts: Nothing more is known of this curious custom. Arcebispado de Santiago de Compostela, Santiago de Compostela, Nutmeg family Myristicaceae Myristica fragrans One of the most widely known and most easily available plant hallucinogens is the well known spice, nutmeg.

Some of the side and after-effects of nutmeg intoxication – headache, dryness of the mouth, dizziness, tachycardia – are distinctly unpleasant. The cult of Santiago is a concrete manifestation of the new American reality, a fruit of necessity and desire to recreate a new society in which ancient philosophies and religions are blended with new historical contexts. These are such binomials as Cannabis chinensis; C. The vernacular names for the two kinds of red seeds are often the same: Over the millenia, man has selected, subconsciously at first, consciously in more recent times, “races” or “strains” of this cultigen with desirable characteristics for the purposes at hand: One of the most ancient of man’s cultigensCannabis sativa has been a triple purpose plant: Yet there, further south, the Comechingon Indians took something called Sebil through the nose Even earlier records mentioned a medicinal plant of this name, some of them emphasizing its laxative and emetic properties.

Hundreds of indigenous peoples devoted to Santiago are witnesses of the huge expansion of the cult of a Saint that, not only came from very far away, but also presented as an enemy.


The handsome tropical tree, Myristica fragransnative to the East Indian archipelago, is the source of two spices – nutmeg and mace – respectively from the seed and aril of the beautiful fleshy drupe that resembles an apricot. Although “the presence of mescal beans in cave and rock shelter sites, even when included in containers holding utilitarian as well as nonutilitarian objects, does not,” writes Campbell,” necessarily signify the presence of huarles mescal bean cult They prepare this powder from certain pods of the yupa Almost nothing is known about the psychotomimetic use haurpes this plant, and no investigation of a possible narcotic chemical constituent has apparently been made.

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Vague information has indicated that possibly a member of the Ginger family, Kaempferia Galangamay be employed by natives in several parts of New Guinea as an hallucinogen.

Next, he snuff, s, whilst, with the same reed, he absorbs the powder into each nostril successively. It is eaten as a narcotic to-day in India by those who add it to the betel chew, and it may also be employed in India, mixed indis tobacco, as a snuff.

Amongst many Indian tribes of the northwest Amazon and uppermost Orinoco, a highly intoxicating snuff is prepared from another myristicaceous source: The inxios is graceful with its dark green, acacia-like foliage.

Glottolog – Allentiac

Y desde entonses los yndios al rrayo les llama y le dize Sanctiago. Selection for increased narcotic activity has been especially notable in certain regions – in India, for example – where the inebriating properties had religious or magical significance or were otherwise valued.

Revista de estudios literarios. It seems that one of the most extraordinarily mistaken generalizations in ethnobotany – that all the intoxicating snuffs of the Amazon that were not obviously tobacco must have been prepared from Anadenanthera peregrina – has stemmed from Bentham’s conclusion. One of the most widely known and most easily available plant hallucinogens is the well known spice, nutmeg.

Tree of Anadenanthera peregrina in the campos outside of Boa Vista, Brazil; photograph: Very little is known as yet about the biodynamic effects on man of pure tetrahydrocannabinol, and, although the literature is rich in the activity of crude Cannabis extracts or products, controlled studies with the active isolates are basic to any progress in understanding the real physiological significance from a moral or health viewpoint of this ancient and widespread intoxicant.


Methods of using Cannabis vary widely. Cannabis supplies the drug of the poor in India, where, in addition to its religious use, it is highly valued in folk medicine and as an aphrodisiac; and, hedonistically, as an euphoric narcotic, especially in activities requiring endurance or physical effort.

Recent literature and maps showing the distribution of snuffs made presumably from Anadenanthera include the entire Orinoco basin and adjacent areas of southern Venezuela to the east; westward across the northern Colombian Andes, much of the Magdalena Valley; down the Andes through Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia; the huxrpes region of Peru; scattered isolated areas in northern Argentina and the central and western Amazon Valley. These are then stored indips needed for preparation of a batch of snuff, when they are crushed and pulverized, triturated in a mortar and pestle of a Bertholettia excelsa fruit.

This may possibly be responsible for the confusion in ihdios early literature of the terms mescal beans and peyote.

In agricultural, horticultural, chemical and pharmacological publications, it is not uncommon to find in use Latin binomials that have no validity, since they were never validly published. Furthermore, some of the same hallucinogenic tryptamines found in varying proportions in Anadenanthera peregrina have been located in material said to be referable to A.

Santiago y el mito de Illapa. Amaryllis family Amaryllidaceae Pancraetium trianthum Amongst the Kung tribe of Bushmen in Dobe, Botswana, this bulbous indis, known locally as kwashiis said to have psychoactive properties.

Virola -snuff was first described in detail and identified as to species in from ethnobotanical field studies in Amazonian Colombia. It was Safford apparently who first suggested that species of Anadenanthera other than A.

The plant kingdom and hallucinogens (part II)

Some evidence suggests that vilca may have been employed in forms other than as snuff. This property of the plant has been experimentally substantiated. Since hemp is a triple-purpose plant long cultivated by man, intensive selection for one characteristic – longer fibre, more seed oil, higher cannabinol content-often leads to an over-shadowing or even disappearance of another characteristic.