Waris Shah was a Punjabi Sufi poet of Chishti order, known for his contribution to Punjabi Waris Shah is primarily known as the author of Heer Ranjha whose verse is a treasure-trove of Punjabi phrases, idioms and sayings. His minute and . HomeLibraryPunjabi LiteratureHeer Waris Shah Heer Waris Shah Writer: Syed Waris Shah Dhukhde Masle Bhakhda Punjab Poetry by 22 Punjabi Writer. The legend of Heer- Ranjha. In the tradition of Punjabi Qissa poetry the arrival of Waris Shah was an epoch making event, which changed the status, tone and.

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Not to be confused with Waris Ali Shah.

Heer Waris Shah – Punjabi Library

He exposed the hypocrisy of the priests, the Balnath sect of yogis, besides being critical of the caste system and the cunning of men and women. Waris Shah is a model poet who inspired and guided generations of Punjabi poets belonging to the medieval as well as modern period. All those who wish to enjoy him, should search for him in his Heer. He is the first poet to see the unique conjunction of high romance and tragedy in it. Follies and foibles of social life are also focused waros.

An overriding reason for the acceptance of his version of the legend of Heer and Ranjha has been his success in bringing the story closer to his vision of life and reality. He had the insight and perception to see the Heer-Ranjha story as an eternal and ever fresh analogue of immutable love. In the tradition of Punjabi Qissa poetry the arrival of Waris Shah was an epoch making event, which changed the status, tone and tenor of Punjabi poetry.

No wonder his language, though two centuries old, comes close to our pulse even today and evokes an authentic response.

Waris Shah

His minute and realistic depiction of each detail of Punjabi life and the political situation in the 18th century, remains unique and the entire poem is an album of colourful and enchanting pictures of life in the Punjab, of varied views but always deeply absorbing.


More than any poerty poet, it is Waris Shah alone who made Punjabi language enter every heart and hearth of Punjab. It is because of these sterling qualities of a master artist that he still translates our deepest emotions and dreams. The beauty of this epic poem is that it has attracted every critic worth the name and has led to a variety of interpretations and critical approaches. After completing his education, Waris moved to Malka Hansa village twelve kilometres north of Pakpattan.

He borrowed the story and plot of the legend of Heer- Ranjha and structured it anew pynjabi contrary pumjabi early happy endings raised it to the level of tragedy of classic dimensions.

Whatever be the conclusion of the critics, they are unanimous in their verdict that Waris Shah is the first secular poet of Punjab who sang full-throatedly about Punjab and Punjabiat and left a writing which waros the soulful passionate expression of the Punjabi psyche, culture and aspirations.

That is why his poem ha attracted variant readings and interpretations and still has not lot its freshness and fragrance.

It is because of this fact that bhagbhari is cited as the woman who was the passion inspiring Waris to sing his own unfulfilled love through the legend of Heer and Ranjha. Many verses of Waris Shah are widely used in Punjab in a moral context, for instance: Waris give ample proof of his grounding in Islamic lore through Persian and Arabic. He has left only one work behind.

One can say that he is the most unique poet ever produced in Punjabi literature. As a bard of high order, his other achievements are his command over language and his encyclopaedic knowledge of the contemporary social scene. The story of Heer and Ranjha had already become a great love-legend in a tradition of high romance and has been written by his predecessors like Damodar and Mukbal.

Out of the five rivers of the Punjabthe river Chenab is forever linked and often mentioned in the history books of these folk love tales. His mausoleum is a place of pilgrimage today, especially for those in love. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Waris spent years in search of the perfect spiritual guide.


Waris Shah

The immortal Heer, which has enthralled and fascinated generations of listeners and readers, is not only a great literary achievement but also a punabi testament. Back to Heer Page. Some authors also suggest that it was Waris Shah’s own unrequited love towards a girl named Bhag Bhari that later became the foundation of the poem.

It is said in history books that the story of romantic love is a poetic expression of the mystical love of the human soul towards God — the quintessential subject in Sufism and a recurring theme in both Muslim and Hindu mysticism. The known and popular fold sayings and aphorisms are skilfully woven into the fabric of his verse. Some have interpreted this poem from a Marxist point of view whereas others have analysed it from Freudian the angle.

Kapoor Professor of Punjabi University, Patiala. He is also well versed in Hindu tradition and folk-lore.

Heer Waris Shah

Heer is the supreme achievement not only of the poet but also of Punjabi poetry. Waris’s parents are said to have died when he was young. punjzbi

After this great achievement, it became a tradition in Punjabi poetry that every budding and aspiring poet had to reproduce, in poetic form, the story of Heer and Ranjha so as to establish his poetic credentials but every poet accepted the superiority and nobility of Waris and adopted him as a model and an ideal.

A certain degree of stark realism has prevented if from becoming dated. Language by expanding its appeal and by digging deep into its natural, fresh, apt and befitting expressions.